Toyota RAV4 manuals

Toyota Sienna Service Manual: Diagnosis system


(a) When troubleshooting OBD II (On-Board Diagnostics) vehicles, an intelligent tester (complying with SAE J1987) must be connected to the DLC3 (Data Link Connector 3) of the vehicle.

Various data in the vehicle's ECM (Engine Control Module) can be then read.

Diagnosis system

(b) OBD II regulations require that the vehicle's onboard computer illuminates the MIL (Malfunction Indicator Lamp) on the instrument panel when the computer detects a malfunction in:

(1) The emission control systems and components

(2) The power train control components (which affect vehicle emissions)

(3) The computer itself

In addition, the applicable DTCs (Diagnostic Trouble Codes) prescribed by SAE J2012 are recorded on 3 consecutive trips, the MIL turns off automatically but the DTCs remain recorded in the ECM memory.

Diagnosis system

(c) To check for DTCs, connect an intelligent tester to the DLC3. The tester displays DTCs, freeze frame data, and a variety of engine data. The DTCs and freeze frame data can be erased with the tester (See page ES-39).

Diagnosis system

In order to enhance OBD function on vehicles and develop the Off-Board diagnosis system, CAN communication is introduced in this system (CAN: Controller Area Network). It minimizes a gap between technician skills and vehicle technology.

CAN is a network, which uses a pair of data transmission lines, spanning multiple computers and sensors. It allows a high speed communication between the systems and to simplify the wire harness connection.

Since this system is equipped with the CAN communication, connecting the CAN VIM (VIM: Vehicle Interface Module) with an intelligent tester is necessary to display any information from the ECM.

(Also the communication between the intelligent tester and the ECM uses CAN communication signal.) When confirming the DTCs and any data of the ECM, connect the CAN VIM between the DLC3 and the intelligent tester.


(a) The diagnosis system operates in normal mode during normal vehicle use. In normal mode, 2 trip detection logic is used to ensure accurate detection of malfunctions. Check mode is also available as an option for technicians. In check mode, 1 trip detection logic is used for simulating malfunction symptoms and increasing the system's ability to detect malfunctions, including intermittent problems (intelligent tester only) (See page ES-43).


(a) When a malfunction is first detected, the malfunction is temporarily stored in the ECM memory (1st trip). If the same malfunction is detected during the next subsequent drive cycle, the MIL is illuminated (2nd trip).


(a) The ECM records vehicle and driving condition information as freeze frame data the moment a DTC is stored. When troubleshooting, freeze frame data can be helpful in determining whether the vehicle was running or stopped, whether the engine was warmed up or not, whether the air-fuel ratio was lean or rich, as well as other data recorded at the time of a malfunction.


5. DLC3 (Data Link Connector 3)

(a) The vehicle's ECM uses ISO 15765-4 for communication protocol. The terminal arrangement of the DLC3 complies with SAE J1962 and matches the ISO 15765-4 format.

DLC3 (Data Link Connector 3)


*: Before measuring the resistance, leave the vehicle as is for at least 1 minute and do not operate the ignition switch, any other switches or the doors.


The DLC3 is the interface prepared for reading various data from the vehicle's ECM. After connecting the cable of an intelligent tester, turn the ignition switch to the ON position and turn the tester ON.


Battery Voltage: 11 to 14 V

If the voltage is below 11 V, recharge the battery before proceeding to the next step.

7. MIL (Malfunction Indicator Lamp)

(a) The MIL is illuminated when the ignition switch is first turned to the ON position (the engine is not running).

(b) The MIL should turn off when the engine is started.

If the MIL remains illuminated, the diagnosis system has detected a malfunction or abnormality in the system.


If the MIL is not illuminated when the ignition switch is first turned to the ON position, check the MIL circuit (See page ES-478).

Terminals of ecm
Sfi system Hint: The standard normal voltage between each pair of the ECM terminals is shown in the table below. The appropriate conditions for checking each pair of the terminals are also indi ...

Dtc check / clear
Notice:All the stored dtcs and freeze frame data are erased if: 1) the ecm is changed from normal mode to check mode or vice versa; or 2) the ignition switch is turned from on to a ...

Other materials:

Jam Protection Function Activates During Power Slide Door LH Operation
DESCRIPTION  It may be caused by ill-fitting slide door, faulty touch sensor or faulty pulse sensor.  The power slide door ECU activates the slide motor to open / close the power slide door, thus controlling the power slide door operation. For jam and foreign object detect ...

Turn signal light switch
ON-VEHICLE INSPECTION 1. INSPECT TURN SIGNAL FLASHER CIRCUIT  Measure voltage between the terminals as shown in the chart below. Voltage Connect the connector to turn the signal flasher and turn the ignition switch ON, and inspect the wire harness side connector from t ...

Problem symptoms table
HINT:  Inspect the fuse and relay before confirming the suspected areas in the table below.  Inspect each suspected area in numerical order for the corresponding symptom. If the malfunction still exists after checking and confirming that all circuits and components are normal ...

В© 2011-2021 Copyright