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Toyota Sienna Service Manual: Intake Air Temperature Circuit

Intake Air Temperature Circuit

DESCRIPTION

The Intake Air Temperature (IAT) sensor, mounted on the Mass Air Flow (MAF) meter, monitors the IAT.

The IAT sensor has a built-in thermistor with a resistance that varies according to the temperature of the intake air. When the IAT is low, the resistance of the thermistor increases. When the temperature is high, the resistance drops. These variations in resistance are transmitted to the ECM as voltage changes (see Fig. 1).

The IAT sensor is powered by a 5 V applied from the THA terminal of the ECM, via resistor R.

Resistor R and the IAT sensor are connected in series. When the resistance value of the IAT sensor changes, according to changes in the IAT, the voltage at terminal THA also varies. Based on this signal, the ECM increases the fuel injection volume when the engine is cold to improve driveability.

Intake Air Temperature Circuit

HINT:

When any of DTCs P0110, P0112 and P0113 are set, the ECM enters fail-safe mode. During fail-safe mode, the IAT is estimated to be 20°C (68°F) by the ECM. Fail-safe mode continues until a pass condition is detected.

Intake Air Temperature Circuit

HINT:

When any of these DTCs are set, check the IAT by selecting the following menu items on the intelligent tester: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DATA LIST / PRIMARY / INTAKE AIR.

Intake Air Temperature Circuit

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

The ECM monitors the sensor voltage and uses this value to calculate the Intake Air Temperature (IAT).

When the sensor output voltage deviates from the normal operating range, the ECM interprets this as a malfunction in the IAT sensor and sets a DTC.

Example: If the sensor voltage output is -40°C (-40°F) for 0.5 seconds or more, the ECM determines that there is an open in the IAT sensor circuit, and sets DTC P0113. Conversely, if the voltage output is more than 140°C (284°F) for 0.5 seconds or more, the ECM determines that there is a short in the sensor circuit, and sets DTC P0112.

If the malfunction is not repaired successfully, a DTC is set 0.5 seconds after the engine is next started.

MONITOR STRATEGY

MONITOR STRATEGY

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

COMPONENT OPERATING RANGE

COMPONENT OPERATING RANGE

WIRING DIAGRAM

WIRING DIAGRAM

INSPECTION PROCEDURE

HINT:

1 READ VALUE OF INTELLIGENT TESTER (INTAKE AIR TEMPERATURE)

(a) Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the ignition switch to the ON position.

(c) Turn the tester on.

(d) Select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DATA LIST / PRIMARY / INTAKE AIR.

(e) Read the value displayed on the tester.

Standard: Same as actual Intake Air Temperature (IAT).

Result

HINT:

2 READ VALUE OF INTELLIGENT TESTER (CHECK FOR OPEN IN WIRE HARNESS)

READ VALUE OF INTELLIGENT TESTER (CHECK FOR OPEN IN WIRE HARNESS)

(a) Disconnect the M6 Mass Air Flow (MAF) meter connector.

(b) Connect terminals THA and E2 of the MAF meter wire harness side connector.

(c) Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3.

(d) Turn the ignition switch to the ON position.

(e) Turn the tester on.

(f) Select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DATA LIST / PRIMARY / INTAKE AIR.

(g) Read the value displayed on the tester.

Standard: 140°C (284°F) or higher

(h) Reconnect the MAF meter connector.

3 CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (MASS AIR FLOW METER - ECM)

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (MASS AIR FLOW METER - ECM)

(a) Disconnect the M6 MAF meter connector.

(b) Disconnect the E9 ECM connector.

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard resistance:

(d) Reconnect the MAF meter connector.

(e) Reconnect the ECM connector.

REPLACE ECM (See page ES-498)

4 READ VALUE OF INTELLIGENT TESTER (CHECK FOR SHORT IN WIRE HARNESS)

READ VALUE OF INTELLIGENT TESTER (CHECK FOR SHORT IN WIRE HARNESS)

(a) Disconnect the M6 MAF meter connector.

(b) Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3.

(c) Turn the ignition switch to the ON position.

(d) Turn the tester on.

(e) Select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DATA LIST / PRIMARY / INTAKE AIR.

(f) Read the value displayed on the tester.

Standard: -40°C (-40°F)

(g) Reconnect the MAF meter connector.

5 CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (MASS AIR FLOW METER - ECM)

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (MASS AIR FLOW METER - ECM)

(a) Disconnect the M6 MAF meter connector.

(b) Disconnect the E9 ECM connector.

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard resistance

(d) Reconnect the MAF meter connector.

(e) Reconnect the ECM connector.

REPLACE ECM (See page ES-498)

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DESCRIPTION The Intake Air Temperature (IAT) sensor, mounted on the Mass Air Flow (MAF) meter, monitors the IAT. The IAT sensor has a built-in thermistor with a resistance that varies ac ...

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