Toyota RAV4 manuals

Toyota Sienna Service Manual: On-vehicle inspection

1. INSPECT DRIVE BELT

INSPECT DRIVE BELT

(a) Visually check the drive belt for excessive wear, frayed cords, etc.

If any defect is found, replace the drive belt.

HINT: Cracks on the rib side of a belt are considered acceptable. Replace the belt if there are any missing ribs.

2. CHECK POWER STEERING FLUID LEVEL

(a) Keep the vehicle level.

CHECK POWER STEERING FLUID LEVEL

(b) With the engine stopped, check the fluid level in the fluid reservoir.

If necessary, add fluid.

Fluid: ATF DEXRON II or III, or equivalent

HINT: If the fluid is hot, check that the fluid level is within the HOT range on the fluid reservoir. If the fluid is cold, check that the fluid level is within the COLD range.

(c) Start the engine and run it at idle.

(d) Turn the steering wheel from lock to lock several times to raise fluid temperature.

Fluid temperature: 75 to 80°C (167 to 176°F)

CHECK POWER STEERING FLUID LEVEL

(e) Check for foaming or emulsification.

If foaming or emulsification is identified, bleed the power steering system (See page PS-6).

CHECK POWER STEERING FLUID LEVEL

(f) With the engine idling, measure the fluid level in the fluid reservoir.

(g) Stop the engine.

(h) Wait a few minutes and remeasure the fluid level in the fluid reservoir.

Maximum fluid level rise: 5 mm (0.20 in.)

If a problem is found, bleed the power steering system (See page PS-6).

(i) Check the fluid level.

3. INSPECT STEERING FLUID PRESSURE

(a) Disconnect the pressure feed tube assembly from the vane pump assembly (See page PS-9).

 INSPECT STEERING FLUID PRESSURE

(b) Connect SST as shown in the illustration.

SST 09640-10010 (09641-01010, 09641-01060, 09641-01030)

NOTICE: Check that the valve of SST is in the open position.

(c) Bleed the power steering system (See page PS-6).

(d) Start the engine and run it at idle.

(e) Turn the steering wheel from lock to lock several times to raise fluid temperature.

Fluid temperature: 75 to 80°C (167 to 176°F)

INSPECT STEERING FLUID PRESSURE

(f) With the engine idling, close the valve of SST and observe the reading on SST.

Standard fluid pressure: 7,800 to 8,300 kPa (79.5 to 84.6 kgf/cm2, 1,131 to 1,204 psi)

NOTICE:

INSPECT STEERING FLUID PRESSURE

(g) With the engine idling, open the valve fully.

(h) Measure the fluid pressure at engine speeds of 1,000 rpm and 3,000 rpm.

Fluid pressure difference: 490 kPa (5 kgf/cm2, 71 psi) or less

NOTICE: Do not turn the steering wheel.

INSPECT STEERING FLUID PRESSURE

(i) With the engine idling and the valve fully opened, turn the steering wheel left or right to the full lock position. Observe the reading on SST.

Standard fluid pressure: 7,800 to 8,300 kPa (79.5 to 84.6 kgf/cm2, 1,131 to 1,204 psi)

NOTICE:

(j) Disconnect SST.

(k) Connect the pressure feed tube assembly to the vane pump assembly (See page PS-19).

(l) Bleed the power steering system (See page PS-6).

4. CHECK STEERING EFFORT

(a) Stop the vehicle on a level, paved surface and turn the wheels straight ahead.

(b) Disconnect the negative (-) battery cable from the battery.

CAUTION: Wait at least 90 seconds after disconnecting the cable from the negative (-) battery terminal to prevent airbag and seat belt pretensioner activation.

(c) Remove the steering pad (See page RS-423).

(d) Connect the negative (-) battery cable to the battery.

(e) Using a torque wrench, check if the steering wheel set nut is properly tightened.

Torque: 50 N*m (510 kgf*cm, 37 ft.*lbf)

(f) Start the engine and run it at idle.

CHECK STEERING EFFORT

(g) Turn the steering wheel 90 degrees to the right and check steering effort (torque) while turning the wheel. Check the opposite direction in the same manner.

Torque: Steering effort (Reference) 6.0 N*m (61 kgf*cm, 53 in.*lbf)

HINT: Check the tire type, pressure, and the road surface before making your diagnosis.

h) Disconnect the negative (-) battery cable from the battery.

(i) Tighten the steering wheel set nut.

Torque: 50 N*m (510 kgf*cm, 37 ft.*lbf)

(j) Install the steering pad (See page RS-424).

(k) Connect the negative (-) battery cable to the battery.

(l) Clear the DTCs (See page RS-35).

(m) Inspect the airbag warning light (See page RS-27).

Problem symptoms table
HINT: Use the table below to help determine the cause of the problem. Likely causes of the problem are indicated in descending order. Check each suspected area in order. Repair or replace the fa ...

Power steering fluid
Bleeding 1. BLEED POWER STEERING SYSTEM (a) Check the fluid level (See page PS-2). (b) Jack up the front of the vehicle and support it with stands. (c) Turn the steering wheel. (1) With th ...

Other materials:

Taking out the jack and tools
Remove the cover. Remove the adapter socket. Remove the jack. Remove the wheel nut wrench. ...

Engine immobilizer system
The vehicle’s keys have built-in transponder chips that prevent the engine from starting if a key has not been previously registered in the vehicle’s on-board computer. Never leave the keys inside the vehicle when you leave the vehicle. This system is designed to help prevent vehicle the ...

ABS Warning Light Remains ON
DESCRIPTION If any of the following is detected, the ABS warning light remains on. The skid control ECU connectors are disconnected from the skid control ECU. There is a malfunction in the skid control ECU internal circuit. There is an open in the harness between the combination meter an ...

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