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Toyota Sienna Service Manual: Oxygen (A/F) Sensor Heater Control Circuit

Oxygen (A/F) Sensor Heater Control Circuit

HINT

DESCRIPTION

Refer to DTC P2195 (See page ES-355).

HINT:

Oxygen (A/F) Sensor Heater Control Circuit

Oxygen (A/F) Sensor Heater Control Circuit

HINT:

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

The ECM uses information from the Air-Fuel Ratio (A/F) sensor to regulate the air-fuel ratio and keep it close to the stoichiometric level. This maximizes the ability of the Three-Way Catalytic Converter (TWC) to purify the exhaust gas.

The A/F sensor detects oxygen levels in the exhaust gas and transmits the information to the ECM. The inner surface of the sensor element is exposed to the outside air. The outer surface of the sensor element is exposed to the exhaust gas. The sensor element is made of platinum coated zirconia and includes an integrated heating element.

The zirconia element generates small voltage when there is a large difference in the oxygen concentrations between the exhaust gas and outside air. The platinum coating amplifies this voltage generation.

The A/F sensor is more efficient when heated. When the exhaust gas temperature is low, the sensor cannot generate useful voltage signals without supplementary heating. The ECM regulates the supplementary heating using a duty-cycle approach to adjust the average current in the sensor heater element. If the heater current is outside the normal range, the signal transmitted by the A/F sensor will be inaccurate, as a result, the ECM will be unable to regulate air-fuel ratio properly.

When the current in the A/F sensor heater is outside the normal operating range, the ECM interprets this as a malfunction in the sensor heater and sets a DTC.

Example: The ECM sets DTC P0032 or P0052 when the current in the A/F sensor heater is more than 10 A.

Conversely, when the heater current is less than 0.8 A, DTC P0031 or P0051 is set.

MONITOR STRATEGY

MONITOR STRATEGY

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

COMPONENT OPERATING RANGE

COMPONENT OPERATING RANGE

MONITOR RESULT

Refer to CHECKING MONITOR STATUS (See page ES-19).

WIRING DIAGRAM

Refer to DTC P2195 (See page ES-359).

INSPECTION PROCEDURE

HINT:

Read freeze frame data using the intelligent tester. The ECM records vehicle and driving condition information as freeze frame data the moment a DTC is stored. When troubleshooting, freeze frame data can be helpful in determining whether the vehicle was running or stopped, whether the engine was warmed up or not, whether the air-fuel ratio was lean or rich, as well as other data recorded at the time of a malfunction.

1 INSPECT AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR (HEATER RESISTANCE)

(a) Disconnect the A5 or A6 A/F sensor connector.

(b) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

INSPECT AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR (HEATER RESISTANCE)

Standard resistance:

(c) Reconnect the A/F sensor connector.

Result

2 CHECK TERMINAL VOLTAGE (+B OF A/F SENSOR)

CHECK TERMINAL VOLTAGE (+B OF A/F SENSOR)

(a) Disconnect the A5 or A6 A/F sensor connector.

(b) Turn the ignition switch to the ON position.

(c) Measure the voltage according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard voltage

(d) Reconnect the A/F sensor connector.

3 INSPECT FUSE (A/F FUSE)

INSPECT FUSE (A/F FUSE)

(a) Remove the A/F fuse from the engine room junction block.

(b) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard resistance: Below 1 Ω

(c) Reinstall the A/F fuse.

4 INSPECT RELAY (A/F RELAY)

INSPECT RELAY (A/F RELAY)

(a) Remove the A/F relay from the No. 6 engine room relay block.

(b) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard resistance

(c) Reinstall the A/F relay.

5 CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (A/F SENSOR - A/F RELAY)

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (A/F SENSOR - A/F RELAY)

(a) Disconnect the A5 or A6 A/F sensor connector.

(b) Remove the A/F relay from the No. 6 engine room relay block.

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard resistance:

(d) Reinstall the A/F relay.

(e) Reconnect the A/F sensor connector.

6 CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (A/F RELAY - BODY GROUND)

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (A/F RELAY - BODY GROUND)

(a) Remove the A/F relay from the No. 6 engine room relay block.

(b) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard resistance:

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR (A/F RELAY - BATTERY)

7 CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (A/F RELAY - ECM)

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (A/F RELAY - ECM)

(a) Disconnect the A5 or A6 A/F sensor connector.

(b) Disconnect the E10 ECM connector.

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard resistance:

(d) Reconnect the ECM connector.

(e) Reconnect the A/F sensor connectors.

8 CHECK WHETHER DTC OUTPUT RECURS

(a) Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the ignition switch to the ON position.

(c) Turn the intelligent tester ON.

(d) Clear the DTCs (See page ES-39).

(e) Start the engine.

(f) Allow the engine to idle for 1 minute or more.

(g) Select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DTC INFO / CURRENT CODES.

(h) Read the DTCs.

Result

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