Toyota RAV4 manuals

Toyota Sienna Service Manual: System Too Lean/ System Too Rich

DTC P0171 System Too Lean (Bank 1)

DTC P0172 System Too Rich (Bank 1)

DTC P0174 System Too Lean (Bank 2)

DTC P0175 System Too Rich (Bank 2)

DESCRIPTION

The fuel trim is related to the feedback compensation value, not to the basic injection time. The fuel trim consists of both the short-term and long-term fuel trims.

The short-term fuel trim is fuel compensation that is used to constantly maintain the air-fuel ratio at stoichiometric levels. The signal from the Air-Fuel Ratio (A/F) sensor indicates whether the air-fuel ratio is rich or lean compared to the stoichiometric ratio. This triggers a reduction in the fuel injection volume if the air-fuel ratio is rich and an increase in the fuel injection volume if it is lean.

Factors such as individual engine differences, wear over time and changes in operating environment cause short-term fuel trim to vary from the central value. The long-term fuel trim, which controls overall fuel compensation, compensates for long-term deviations in the fuel trim from the central value caused by the short-term fuel trim compensation.

If both the short-term and long-term fuel trims are lean or rich beyond predetermined values, it is interpreted as a malfunction, and the ECM illuminates the MIL and sets a DTC.

DTC No.

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

P0171
P0174
With warm engine and stable air-fuel ratio feedback, fuel trim considerably in error to lean side (2 trip detection logic)
  • Intake system
  •  Injector blockage
  •  Mass Air Flow (MAF) meter
  •  Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) sensor
  •  Fuel pressure
  •  Gas leakage from exhaust system
  •  Open or short in A/F sensor (bank 1, 2 sensor 1) circuit
  •  A/F sensor (bank 1, 2 sensor 1)
  •  A/F sensor heater (bank 1, 2 sensor 1)
  •  A/F sensor heater relay
  •  A/F sensor heater and A/F sensor heater relay circuits
  •  PCV valve and hose
  •  PCV hose connections
  •  ECM
P0172
P0175
With warm engine and stable air-fuel ratio feedback, fuel trim considerably in error to rich side (2 trip detection logic)
  • Injector leakage or blockage
  •  MAF meter
  •  ECT sensor
  •  Ignition system
  •  Fuel pressure
  •  Gas leakage from exhaust system
  •  Open or short in A/F sensor (bank 1, 2 sensor 1) circuit
  •  A/F sensor (bank 1, 2 sensor 1)
  •  A/F sensor heater (bank 1, 2 sensor 1)
  •  A/F sensor heater relay
  •  A/F sensor heater and A/F sensor heater relay circuits
  •  ECM

HINT:

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

Under closed-loop fuel control, fuel injection volumes that deviate from those estimated by the ECM cause changes in the long-term fuel trim compensation value. The long-term fuel trim is adjusted when there are persistent deviations in the short-term fuel trim values. Deviations from the ECM's estimated fuel injection volumes also affect the average fuel trim learning value, which is a combination of the average short-term fuel trim (fuel feedback compensation value) and the average long-term fuel trim (learning value of the air-fuel ratio). If the average fuel trim learning value exceeds the malfunction thresholds, the ECM interprets this as a fault in the fuel system and sets a DTC.

Example: The average fuel trim learning value is more than +35% or less than -35%, the ECM interprets this as a fuel system malfunction.

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

MONITOR STRATEGY

MONITOR STRATEGY

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

Fuel-trim:

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

Fuel trim:

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

WIRING DIAGRAM

Refer to DTC P2195

INSPECTION PROCEDURE

HINT: For use of the intelligent tester only: Malfunctioning areas can be identified by performing the A/F CONTROL function provided in the ACTIVE TEST. The A/F CONTROL function can help to determine whether the Air-Fuel Ratio (A/F) sensor, Heated Oxygen (HO2) sensor and other potential trouble areas are malfunctioning.

The following instructions describe how to conduct the A/F CONTROL operation using the intelligent tester.

  1.  Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3.
  2. Start the engine and turn the tester on.
  3. Warm up the engine at an engine speed of 2500 rpm for approximately 90 seconds.
  4. Select the following menu items on the tester: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / ACTIVE TEST / A/F CONTROL.
  5. Perform the A/F CONTROL operation with the engine in an idling condition (press the RIGHT or LEFT button to change the fuel injection volume).
  6. Monitor the voltage outputs of the A/F and HO2 sensors (AFS B1S1 and O2S B1S2 or AFS B2S1 and O2S B2S2) displayed on the tester.

HINT:

Standard voltage

Standard voltage

Standard voltage

NOTICE: The Air-Fuel Ratio (A/F) sensor has an output delay of a few seconds and the Heated Oxygen (HO2) sensor has a maximum output delay of approximately 20 seconds.

INSPECTION PROCEDURE

HINT:

1 CHECK ANY OTHER DTCS OUTPUT (IN ADDITION TO DTC P0171, P0172, P0174 OR P0175)

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3.
  2.  Turn the ignition switch to the ON position and turn the tester on.
  3.  Select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DTC INFO / CURRENT CODES.
  4.  Read the DTCs.

Result

Result

HINT: If any DTCs other than P0171, P0172, P0174 or P0175 are output, troubleshoot those DTCs first.

2 CHECK PCV HOSE CONNECTIONS

OK: PCV hose is connected correctly and is not damaged.

3 CHECK INTAKE SYSTEM

  1. Check the intake system for vacuum leakage.

OK: No leakage from intake system.

4 PERFORM ACTIVE TEST BY INTELLIGENT TESTER (A/F CONTROL)

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3.
  2.  Start the engine and turn the tester on.
  3.  Warm up the engine at an engine speed of 2500 rpm for approximately 90 seconds.
  4.  Select the following menu items on the tester: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / ACTIVE TEST / A/F CONTROL.
  5.  Perform the A/F CONTROL operation with the engine in an idling condition (press the RIGHT or LEFT button to change the fuel injection volume).
  6.  Monitor the voltage outputs of the A/F and HO2 sensors (AFS B1S1 and O2S B1S2 or AFS B2S1 and O2S B2S2) displayed on the tester.

HINT:

Standard voltage

Standard voltage

Result

Result

Lean: During A/F CONTROL, the A/F sensor output voltage (AFS) is consistently more than 3.35 V, and the HO2 sensor output voltage (O2S) is consistently less than 0.4 V.

Rich: During A/F CONTROL, the AFS is consistently less than 3.0 V, and the O2S is consistently more than 0.55 V.

Lean/Rich: During A/F CONTROL of the ACTIVE TEST, the output voltage of the heated oxygen sensor alternates correctly.

5 READ VALUE OF INTELLIGENT TESTER (COOLANT TEMP)

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3.
  2.  Turn the ignition switch to the ON position and turn the tester on.
  3. ) Select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DATA LIST / PRIMARY / COOLANT TEMP.
  4. ) Read the COOLANT TEMP twice, when the engine is both cold and warmed up.

Standard:

With cold engine: Same as ambient air temperature.

With warm engine: Between 75C and 95C (167F and 203F)

6 READ VALUE OF INTELLIGENT TESTER (MAF)

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3.
  2.  Turn the ignition switch to the ON position and turn the tester on.
  3.  Select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DATA LIST / PRIMARY / MAF and COOLANT TEMP.
  4. Allow the engine to idle until the COOLANT TEMP reaches 75C (167F) or more.
  5.  Read the MAF with the engine in an idling condition and at an engine speed of 2500 rpm.

Standard:

MAF while engine idling: Between 1.8 g/s and 4.7 g/s (shift position: N, A/ C: OFF).

MAF at engine speed of 2500 rpm: Between 7.4 g/s and 18.9 g/s (shift position: N, A/ C: OFF).

7 CHECK FUEL PRESSURE

  1. Check the fuel pressure

8 INSPECT FOR EXHAUST GAS LEAK

OK: No gas leakage

9 CHECK FOR SPARKS AND IGNITION

  1. Check for sparks and ignition.

HINT: If the spark plugs or ignition system malfunctions, engine misfire may occur. The misfire count can be read using the intelligent tester. Select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DATA LIST / PRIMARY / CYL #1 (to CYL #6).

10 INSPECT FUEL INJECTOR ASSEMBLY (INJECTION AND VOLUME)

  1. Inspect the fuel injector assembly.

HINT: If the injectors malfunction, engine misfire may occur.

The misfire count can be read using the intelligent tester.

Select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DATA LIST / PRIMARY / CYL #1 (to CYL #6).

11 INSPECT AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR (HEATER RESISTANCE)

INSPECT AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR (HEATER RESISTANCE)

  1. Disconnect the A5 or A6 A/F sensor connectors.
  2. Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard resistance: Bank 1

Standard resistance

Bank 2

Standard resistance

  1. Reconnect the A/F sensor connectors.

Result

Result

12 INSPECT RELAY (A/F RELAY)

 INSPECT RELAY

  1. Remove the A/F relay from the No. 6 engine room R/B.
  2. Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard resistance

Standard resistance

  1. Reinstall the A/F relay.

13 CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (A/F SENSOR - ECM)

 CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (A/F SENSOR - ECM)

  1. Disconnect the A5 or A6 A/F sensor connectors.
  2.  Turn the ignition switch to the ON position.
  3.  Measure the voltage according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard voltage

Standard voltage

  1. Turn the ignition switch off.
  2.  Disconnect the E10 ECM connector.
  3.  Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard resistance: Check for open

Standard resistance

Check for short

Standard resistance

  1. Reconnect the ECM connector.
  2. Reconnect the A/F sensor connectors.

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (A/F SENSOR - ECM)

14 REPLACE AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR

  1. Replace the air fuel ratio sensor (for 2WD model or 4WD model

15 PERFORM CONFIRMATION DRIVING PATTERN

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3 (Procedure A).
  2. Turn the ignition switch to the ON position and turn the tester on (Procedure B).
  3.  Clear the DTCs (Procedure C).
  4.  Select the check mode using the tester (Procedure D).
  5.  Start the engine and warm it up with all the accessories switched off (Procedure E).
  6.  Drive the vehicle at between 38 mph and 75 mph (60 km/h and 120 km/h) and at an engine speed of between 1400 rpm and 3200 rpm for 3 to 5 minutes (Procedure F).

PERFORM CONFIRMATION DRIVING PATTERN

HINT: If the system is still malfunctioning, the MIL will be illuminated during procedure "F".

NOTICE: If the conditions in this test are not strictly followed, no malfunction will be detected.

16 CHECK WHETHER DTC OUTPUT RECURS (DTC P0171, P0172, P0174 OR P0175)

  1. Select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DTC INFO / PENDING CODES.
  2.  Read the DTCs

Result

Result

END

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