Toyota RAV4 manuals

Toyota Sienna Service Manual: System description

1. BRIEF DESCRIPTION

  1. The CAN (Controller Area Network) is a serial data communication system for real time application. It is a vehicle multiplex communication system which has a high communication speed (500 kbps) and the ability to detect malfunctions.
  2. By pairing the CANH and CANL bus lines, the CAN performs communication based on differential voltages.
  3. Many ECUs (sensors) installed on the vehicle operate by sharing information and communicating with each other.
  4. The CAN has 2 resistors of 120 Ω which are necessary to communicate with the main wire.

2. DEFINITION OF TERMS

  1. Main wire The main wire is a wire harness between the 2 termination circuits on the bus (communication line).

    This is the main bus in the CAN communication system.

  2. Branch wire
  1. The branch wire is a wire harness which diverges from the main wire to an ECU or sensor.
  1. Terminating resistors
  1. Two resistors of 120 Ω resistance are installed in parallel across the ends of the CAN main bus wires. They are called terminating resistors.

    These resistors allow the changes of the voltage differential between the CAN bus wires to be accurately judged. To allow for proper function of CAN communication, it is necessary to have both terminating resistors installed. Since the two resistors are installed in parallel, a measurement of resistance between the two CAN bus wires should produce a reading of approximately 60 Ω.

3. ECUS OR SENSORS WHICH COMMUNICATE THROUGH CAN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

  1. ECM
  2. Network gateway ECU
  3. Skid control ECU with actuator*1
  4. Steering angle sensor*1
  5. Yaw rate sensor*1
  6. Distance control ECU*2

HINT:
*1: with VSC
*2: with Dynamic laser cruise control

4. DIAGNOSTIC CODE FOR CAN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

  1. DTCs for the CAN communication system are as follows: U0073, U0100, U0122, U0123, U0124, U0126 and U1101.

HINT: If U0235 or U1102 is output alone, the CAN communication in normal (See page CC-88 forU0235, See page CC-91 for U1102).

5. TROUBLESHOOTING REMARKS

  1. DTCs for the CAN communication system can be checked using the intelligent tester via the CAN VIM. The DLC3 is connected to the CAN communication system, but no DTCs exist regarding problems in the DLC3 or the DLC3 branch wires. If there is trouble in the DLC3 or the DLC3 branch wires, ECUs on the CAN network cannot output codes to the intelligent tester via the CAN VIM.
  2. Trouble in the CAN buses (communication lines) can be checked by measuring the resistance between terminals of the DLC3. However, an open circuit in a branch wire other than the DLC3 branch wires cannot be checked from the DLC3.

NOTICE: Do not insert the tester probes directly into the DLC3. Be sure to use a service wires.

Parts location
SYSTEM DIAGRAM ...

How to proceed with troubleshooting
NOTICE: DTCs for the CAN communication system are as follows: U0073, U0100, U0122, U0123, U0124, U0126 and U1101. HINT: If U0235 or U1102 is output alone, the CAN communication is normal 1 CHECK ...

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