Toyota RAV4 manuals

Toyota Sienna Service Manual: Evaporative Emission Control System Pressure

DTC P0450 Evaporative Emission Control System Pressure Sensor / Switch

DTC P0451 Evaporative Emission Control System Pressure Sensor Range / Performance

DTC P0452 Evaporative Emission Control System Pressure Sensor / Switch Low Input

DTC P0453 Evaporative Emission Control System Pressure Sensor / Switch High Input

DTC SUMMARY

DTC SUMMARY

HINT: The canister pressure sensor is built into the canister pump module.

DESCRIPTION

The description can be found in the EVAP (Evaporative Emission) System

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

  1. DTC P0450: Pressure sensor abnormal voltage fluctuation If the pressure sensor voltage output rapidly fluctuates between less than 0.45 V and more than 4.9 V, the ECM interprets this as an open or short circuit malfunction in the pressure sensor or its circuit, and stops the EVAP (Evaporative Emission) system monitor. The ECM then illuminates the MIL and sets the DTC (1 trip detection logic).
  2.  DTC P0451: Pressure sensor abnormal voltage fluctuation or being constant If the pressure sensor voltage output fluctuates rapidly for 10 seconds, the ECM stops the EVAP system monitor. The ECM interprets this as the pressure sensor voltage fluctuating, and stops the EVAP system monitor. The ECM then illuminates the MIL and sets the DTC.

    Alternatively, if the sensor voltage output does not change for 10 seconds, the ECM interprets this as the sensor being stuck, and stops the monitor. The ECM then illuminates the MIL and sets the DTC.

    (Both the malfunctions are detected by 2 trip detection logic.)

  3.  DTC P0452: Pressure sensor voltage low If the pressure sensor voltage output is below 0.45 V, the ECM interprets this as an open or short circuit malfunction in the pressure sensor or its circuit, and stops the EVAP system monitor. The ECM then illuminates the MIL and sets the DTC (1 trip detection logic).
  4.  DTC P0453: Pressure sensor voltage high If the pressure sensor voltage output is 4.9 V or more, the ECM interprets this as an open or short circuit malfunction in the pressure sensor or its circuit, and stops the EVAP system monitor. The ECM then illuminates the MIL and sets the DTC (1 trip detection logic).

MONITOR STRATEGY

MONITOR STRATEGY

MONITOR STRATEGY

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

All:

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

P0451 (Noise monitor):

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

P0451 (Stuck monitor):

P0450, P0452 and P0453:

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

(a) P0450: Pressure sensor chattering

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

(b) P0451: Pressure sensor noise

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

(c) P0451: Pressure sensor stuck

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

(d) P0452: Pressure sensor low voltage

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

(e) P0453: Pressure sensor high voltage

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

WIRING DIAGRAM

WIRING DIAGRAM

INSPECTION PROCEDURE

NOTICE:

1 CONFIRM DTC AND EVAP PRESSURE

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3.
  2.  Turn the ignition switch to the ON position (do not start the engine).
  3.  Turn the tester on.
  4.  Select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DTC INFO / CURRENT CODES.
  5.  Read DTCs.
  6.  Select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DATA LIST / EVAP / EVAP VAPOR PRESS.
  7.  Read the EVAP (Evaporative Emission) pressure displayed on the tester.

Result

Result

2 CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (CANISTER PUMP MODULE - ECM)

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR

  1. Turn the ignition switch off.
  2.  Disconnect the E4 ECM connector.
  3.  Measure the resistance between the PPMP terminal of the ECM connector and the body ground.

Result

Result

  1. Reconnect the ECM connector.

3 CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (CANISTER PUMP MODULE - ECM)

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR

  1. Disconnect the C27 canister pump module connector.
  2.  Disconnect the E4 ECM connector.
  3.  Measure the resistance between the PPMP terminal of the ECM connector and the body ground.

Result

Result

  1. Reconnect the canister pump module connector.
  2.  Reconnect the ECM connector.

4 CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (CANISTER PUMP MODULE - ECM)

 CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR

  1. Disconnect the C27 canister pump module connector.
  2.  Turn the ignition switch to the ON position.
  3.  Measure the voltage and resistance of the canister connector.

Standard

Standard

Result

Result

  1. Reconnect the canister pump module connector.

5 REPLACE CHARCOAL CANISTER ASSEMBLY

  1. Replace the canister assembly

NOTICE: When replacing the canister, check the canister pump module interior and related pipes for water, fuel and other liquids. If liquids are present, check for disconnections and/or cracks in the following: 1) the pipe from the air inlet port to the canister pump module; 2) the canister filter; and 3) the fuel tank vent hose.

REPLACE CHARCOAL CANISTER ASSEMBLY

6 REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR (CANISTER PUMP MODULE - ECM)

HINT: If the exhaust tailpipe has been removed, go to the next step before reinstalling it.

7 REPLACE ECM

  1. Replace the ECM

8 CHECK WHETHER DTC OUTPUT RECURS (AFTER REPAIR)

  1. Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3.
  2.  Turn the ignition switch to the ON position and turn the tester on.
  3.  Wait for at least 60 seconds.
  4.  On the tester, select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DTC INFO / PENDING CODES.

HINT: If no pending DTCs are displayed on the tester, the repair has been successfully completed.

COMPLETED

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