Toyota RAV4 manuals

Toyota Sienna Service Manual: System description

1. GENERAL

  1.  The dynamic laser cruise control system has two cruise control modes: the constant speed control mode and vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode.
  1.  This system maintains the vehicle running at the speed that the driver has set, as long as there are no vehicles ahead in the same lane. Then, the system maintains the vehicle distance that has been set by the driver. If the system detects a vehicle driving at a slower speed ahead while the driver is driving at a constant speed, it closes the throttle valve to decelerate. If further deceleration is required, the system controls the brake actuator in order to apply the brakes. Thereafter, if there are no vehicles ahead within the set vehicle-to-vehicle distance because either the vehicle ahead or the driver has changed lanes, the system accelerates slowly to reach the set vehicle speed and resumes driving at the constant speed.
  2.  The constant speed control mode is designed to maintain a constant cruising speed. The vehicle-tovehicle distance control mode is designed to control constant speed cruising function, deceleration cruising function, follow-up cruising function, and acceleration cruising function.
  3.  The laser sensor and the distance control ECU control the system while the vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode is in operation, and send signals to each actuator and ECU.
  4.  In vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode, the dynamic laser cruise control system receives signals from the yaw rate (deceleration sensor) and the steering angle sensor. Based on these signals, it then estimates curve radius and compensates for information on the preceding vehicle while turning. It can also compensate for the brake control when approaching another vehicle.
  5.  This system judges the presence of a vehicle in front and the distance to it based on the signals from the laser sensor while the vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode is in operation. Using this information, the system informs the driver of any danger with the warning buzzer, performs brake control, and turns on the stop light when approaching the vehicle in front.
  6. The following illustration shows a control example under the following conditions: own vehicle speed is 100 km/h (62 mph) and the speed of the vehicle in front is 80 km/h (50 mph). Setting of the vehicle distance can be changed to 3 distances by operating the distance control switch (distance control switch): long (approximately 75 m (240 ft.)), middle (approximately 50 m (160 ft.)), and short (approximately 30 m (105 ft.)) when the vehicle speed is approximately 90 km/h (55 mph).

GENERAL

HINT:

2. FUNCTION OF MAIN COMPONENTS

Item

Outline

Combination Meter (CRUISE Main Indicator Light)
  • Comes on when the main switch is ON
  •  If the distance control ECU detects a malfunction, this light flashes to warn the driver
Combination Meter (Master Warning Light) If the ECM or distance control ECU detects an automatic cancel signal while the vehicle is operating under cruise control, this light comes on to inform the driver
Combination Meter (Buzzer) If the ECM or distance control ECU detects an automatic cancel signal while the vehicle is operating under cruise control, this buzzer sounds only once to inform the driver
Combination Meter (Multi-information Display)
  • While the system is in the vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode, the multi-information display receives signals from the distance control ECU, in order to display system conditions in the graphic area
  •  If the ECM or distance control ECU detects a malfunction signal while the vehicle is operating under cruise control, a warning message will be displayed in the warning area to inform the driver
Cruise Control Main Switch (Main Switch) Turns the cruise control system ON/OFF
Cruise Control Main Switch (Control Switch)
  • Vehicle speed setting, deceleration setting, preset speed resumption, acceleration setting, and canceling signals are output to the ECM through the operation of this switch
  •  Switches the control mode: constant speed control mode and vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode
Steering Pad Switch (Distance Control Switch) While the system is in the vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode, the driver can operate the steering pad switch (distance control switch) to select the vehicle-to-vehicle distance in three stages: long, middle, and short
Stop Light Switch Detects the depression of the brake pedal and transmits its signal to the ECM
Combination Switch (Wiper Switch) Transmits wiper control switch information to the distance control ECU
Laser Sensor Radiates laser rays forward, uses the reflected rays for detecting the presence of a vehicle in front, vehicle-to-vehicle distance, and relative speed, and transmits this information to the distance control ECU
Steering Angle Sensor Detects the angle and direction of steering and transmits its signal to the distance control ECU
Vehicle Speed Sensor (SP1) A vehicle speed signal which is output from the skid control ECU is sent to the ECM via the meter
Yaw Rate Sensor Detects the yaw rate of the vehicle and transmits its signal to the distance control ECU
Brake Actuator (Skid Control ECU)
  • Actuates the brakes in accordance with signals from the skid control ECU
  •  While the system is in the vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode, the skid control ECU actuates the brake actuator in accordance with a brake request signal received from the distance control ECU
  •  Upon receiving a signal from the distance control ECU, the skid control ECU sounds the skid control buzzer
Skid Control Buzzer This buzzer sounds upon receiving a signal from the skid control ECU
ECM
  • Controls the dynamic laser cruise control system in accordance with signals from switches, sensors, and the distance control ECU
  •  If the ECM detects a malfunction in the dynamic laser cruise control system, it will output DTCs (Diagnostic Trouble Codes)
Throttle Position Sensor and Motor Upon receiving a signal from the ECM, the throttle control motor actuates the throttle valve
Distance Control ECU While the system is in the vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode, the distance control ECU detects a vehicle in front based on a signal from the laser sensor. Then, the distance control ECU calculates the acceleration or deceleration rate in order to attain the target vehicle-tovehicle distance, and outputs a request signal to the ECM and skid control ECU.

3. LIMIT CONTROL

  1.  Low speed limit
    The lowest possible limit of the speed setting range is set at approximately 28 mph (for USA) or 45 km/h (for Canada). The cruise control system cannot be set when the driving vehicle speed is below the low speed limit. Cruise control operation will be automatically canceled when the vehicle speed decreases below the low speed limit (40 km/h (25 mph)) while the cruise control is in operation.
  2. High speed limit (constant speed control mode)
    The highest possible limit of the speed setting range is set at approximately 125 mph (for USA) or 200 km/h (for Canada). The cruise control system will be set at the high speed limit when the cruise control is set and the vehicle speed is over the high speed limit. Also, + (ACCEL)/RES (RESUME) cannot be used to increase speed beyond the high speed limit.
  3.  High speed limit (vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode)
    The highest possible limit of the speed setting range is set at approximately 85 mph (for USA) or 135 km/ h (for Canada).

4. CRUISE CONTROL OPERATION

The cruise control main switch operates 8 functions: SET, - (COAST), TAP-DOWN, RES (RESUME), + (ACCEL), TAP-UP, CANCEL, and MODE. The SET, TAP-DOWN, and - (COAST) functions, and the RES (RESUME), TAP-UP, and + (ACCEL) functions are operated with the same switch. The cruise control main switch assembly is an automatic return type switch which turns on only while operating it in the direction of each arrow and turns off after releasing it. The dynamic laser cruise control system has two cruise control modes: the constant speed control mode and vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode.

  1.  MODE CONTROL
    Pushing the switch to MODE for more than 1 second while driving with the cruise control main switch on (READY indicator is on) switches the mode to the constant speed control mode.
  2.  SET CONTROL (Constant speed control mode)
    The vehicle speed is stored and constant speed control is maintained when pushing the switch to - (COAST)/SET while driving with the vehicle speed within the set speed range (between the low and high speed limits) after turning the cruise control main switch on (NORM. indicator is on), and entering the constant speed control mode.
  3.  SET CONTROL (Vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode)
    The vehicle speed is stored and vehicle-to-vehicle control is maintained when pushing the switch to - (COAST)/SET while driving with the cruise control main switch on (READY indicator is on), and vehicle speed is within the set speed range (between the low and high speed limits).
  4. - (COAST) CONTROL (Constant speed control mode)
    When the cruise control main switch is set to - (COAST)/SET and held in that position while the cruise control system is operating, the ECM sends a "throttle valve opening angle 0" demand signal to the cruise control system. Then the vehicle speed, when the cruise control main switch is released, is stored and maintained.

    HINT: An actual throttle valve opening angle of 0 is not possible due to the idle speed control, etc.

  5.  - (COAST) CONTROL (Vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode)
    When - (COAST)/SET on the cruise control main switch is pressed and held while the vehicle-tovehicle distance control mode is in operation, the stored vehicle speed decreases by approximately 5 mph (for USA) or 5 km/h (for Canada) per second.
  6.  TAP-DOWN CONTROL (Constant speed control mode)
    When tapping down the cruise control main switch to - (COAST)/SET (for approximately 0.6 seconds) while the constant speed control mode is in operation, the stored vehicle speed decreases each time by approximately 1.6 km/h (1 mph). When the cruise control main switch is released from - (COAST)/SET and the difference between the driving and stored vehicle speeds is more than 5 km/h (3 mph), the driving vehicle speed is stored and constant speed control is maintained.
  7.  TAP-DOWN CONTROL (Vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode)
    When tapping down the cruise control main switch to - (COAST)/SET (for approximately 0.6 seconds) while the vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode is in operation, the stored vehicle speed decreases each time by approximately 5 mph (for USA) or 5 km/h (for Canada).
  8. + (ACCEL) CONTROL (Constant speed control mode)
    The throttle valve motor of the throttle position sensor and motor is instructed by the ECM to open the throttle valve when + (ACCEL)/RES (RESUME) on the cruise control main switch is pressed and held while the constant speed control mode is in operation. When the cruise control main switch is released from + (ACCEL)/RES (RESUME), the vehicle speed is stored and constant speed control is maintained.
  9. + (ACCEL) CONTROL (Vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode)
    When + (ACCEL)/RES (RESUME) on the cruise control main switch is pressed and held while the vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode is in operation, the stored vehicle speed increases by approximately 5 mph (for USA) or 5 km/h (for Canada) per second. Pushing the cruise control main switch to + (ACCEL)/RES (RESUME) while following the vehicle in front with the vehicle-tovehicle distance control mode does not increase the actual vehicle speed, but changes only the set vehicle speed.
  10.  TAP-UP CONTROL (Constant speed control mode)
    When tapping up the cruise control main switch to + (ACCEL)/RES (RESUME) (for approximately 0.6 seconds) while the constant speed control mode is in operation, the stored vehicle speed increases each time by approximately 1.6 km/h (1 mph).

    However, when the difference between the driving and the stored vehicle speeds is more than 5 km/h (3 mph), the stored vehicle speed will not be changed.

  11.  TAP-UP CONTROL (Vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode)
    When tapping up the cruise control main switch to + (ACCEL)/RES (RESUME) (for approximately 0.6 seconds) while the vehicle-to-vehicle distance control mode is in operation, the stored vehicle speed increases each time by approximately 5 mph (for USA) or 5 km/h (for Canada) .
  12. MANUAL CANCEL CONTROL
    Performing any of the following cancels the cruise control system while it is in operation (the stored vehicle speed in the ECM is maintained).
  1. RES (RESUME) CONTROL
    If cruise control operation was canceled with the stop light switch or the CANCEL switch, and even if driving speed is less than the lower speed control limit, pushing the cruise control main switch to + (ACCEL)/RES (RESUME) restores the vehicle speed memorized at the time of cancellation, and maintains constant speed control. This resume operation will occur after the vehicle speed has risen higher than the lower speed control limit. In the constant speed control mode, once the vehicle speed drops below the low speed limit, RESUME operation is possible after accelerating past the low speed limit and pushing the cruise control main switch to + (ACCEL)/RES (RESUME).

5. BRAKE CONTROL

The distance control ECU determines the distance to the vehicle in front, relative speed, target decreasing speed, and deceleration rate. Based on these data, the ECU transmits a brake demand signal to the skid control ECU via the ECM.

6. DOWN SHIFT CONTROL

While the cruise control system is in operation, the transmission may downshift from an overdrive gear on an uphill road. After the downshift, if the system determines that the uphill inclination has become smaller based on the throttle valve opening angle, the transmission automatically returns to an overdrive gear.

7. AUTO CANCEL (FAIL-SAFE)

Precaution
Keep in mind the following points when inspecting the dynamic laser cruise control system.  As there is a limitation on the vehicle-to-vehicle distance controlling capability, do not overl ...

How to proceed with troubleshooting
HINT:  Use the following procedures to troubleshoot the dynamic laser cruise control system.  *: Use the intelligent tester 1 VEHICLE BROUGHT TO WORKSHOP 2 CUSTOMER PROBLEM ANALY ...

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Diagnostic trouble code chart
If a malfunction code is displayed during the DTC check, check the circuit listed for that code in the table below. (Proceed to the page given for that circuit.) BACK DOOR CLOSER SYSTEM DTC No. Detection Item Trouble Area B2215 Back Door Closer Switch ...

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