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Toyota Sienna Service Manual: Evaporative Emission Control System Incorrect Purge Flow

Toyota Sienna Service Manual / Engine / 2Gr-fe engine control system / Sfi system / Diagnostic trouble code chart / Evaporative Emission Control System Incorrect Purge Flow

DTC SUMMARY

Evaporative Emission Control System Incorrect Purge Flow

DESCRIPTION

The circuit description can be found in the EVAP (Evaporative Emission) System (See page ES-409).

INSPECTION PROCEDURE

Refer to the EVAP System (See page ES-412).

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

The two monitors, Key-Off and Purge Flow, are used to detect malfunctions relating to DTC P0441. The Key-off monitor is initiated by the ECM internal timer, known as the soak timer, 5 hours*1 after the ignition switch is turned off. The purge flow monitor runs while the engine is running.

1. KEY-OFF MONITOR

5 hours*1 after the ignition switch is turned off, the electric vacuum pump creates negative pressure (vacuum) in the EVAP (Evaporative Emission) system. The ECM monitors for leaks and actuator malfunctions based on the EVAP pressure.

HINT:

*1: If the engine coolant temperature is not below 35°C (95°F) 5 hours after the ignition switch is turned off, the monitor check starts 2 hours later. If it is still not below 35°C (95°F) 7 hours after the ignition switch is turned off, the monitor check starts 2.5 hours later.

KEY-OFF MONITOR

*2: If only a small amount of fuel is in the fuel tank, it takes longer for the EVAP pressure to stabilize.

KEY-OFF MONITOR

(a) Purge VSV stuck open

In operation C, the vacuum pump creates negative pressure (vacuum) in the EVAP (Evaporative Emission) system. The EVAP system pressure is then measured by the ECM using the pressure sensor. If the stabilized system pressure is higher than [second 0.02 inch leak pressure standard x 0.2], the ECM interprets this as the purge VSV (Vacuum Switching Valve) being stuck open.

The ECM illuminates the MIL and sets the DTC (2 trip detection logic).

Purge VSV stuck open

(b) Purge VSV stuck closed

In operation D, the pressure sensor measures the EVAP (Evaporative Emission) system pressure. The pressure measurement for purge VSV monitor is begun when the purge VSV is turned on (open) after the EVAP leak check. When the measured pressure indicates an increase of 0.3 kPa (2.25 mmHg) or more, the purge VSV is functioning normally. If the pressure does not increase, the ECM interprets this as the purge VSV being stuck closed. The ECM illuminates the MIL and sets the DTC (2 trip detection logic).

Purge VSV stuck closed

2. PURGE FLOW MONITOR

PURGE FLOW MONITOR

The purge flow monitor consists of the two step monitors.

The 1st monitor is conducted every time and the 2nd monitor is activated if necessary.

While the engine is running and the purge VSV (Vacuum Switching Valve) is on (open), the ECM monitors the purge flow by measuring the EVAP pressure change. If negative pressure is not created, the ECM begins the 2nd monitor.

The vent valve is turned on (closed) and the EVAP pressure is then measured. If the variation in the pressure is less than 0.5 kPa (3.75 mmHg), the ECM interprets this as the purge VSV being stuck closed, and illuminates the MIL and sets DTC P0441 (2 trip detection logic).

Atmospheric pressure check: In order to ensure reliable malfunction detection, the variation between the atmospheric pressures, before and after conduction of the purge flow monitor, is measured by the ECM.

MONITOR STRATEGY

MONITOR STRATEGY

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

Key-off monitor sequence 1 to 8

Key-off monitor sequence 1 to 8

Key-off monitor sequence 1 to 8

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

MONITOR RESULT

Refer to CHECKING MONITOR STATUS (See page ES-19).

MONITOR RESULT

DTC SUMMARY

DTC SUMMARY

HINT:

The canister pressure sensor is built into the canister pump module.

DESCRIPTION

The description can be found in the EVAP (Evaporative Emission) System (See page ES-409).

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

1. DTC P0450: Pressure sensor abnormal voltage fluctuation

If the pressure sensor voltage output rapidly fluctuates between less than 0.45 V and more than 4.9 V, the ECM interprets this as an open or short circuit malfunction in the pressure sensor or its circuit, and stops the EVAP (Evaporative Emission) system monitor. The ECM then illuminates the MIL and sets the DTC (1 trip detection logic).

2. DTC P0451: Pressure sensor abnormal voltage fluctuation or being constant

If the pressure sensor voltage output fluctuates rapidly for 10 seconds, the ECM stops the EVAP system monitor. The ECM interprets this as the pressure sensor voltage fluctuating, and stops the EVAP system monitor. The ECM then illuminates the MIL and sets the DTC.

Alternatively, if the sensor voltage output does not change for 10 seconds, the ECM interprets this as the sensor being stuck, and stops the monitor. The ECM then illuminates the MIL and sets the DTC.

(Both the malfunctions are detected by 2 trip detection logic.)

3. DTC P0452: Pressure sensor voltage low

If the pressure sensor voltage output is below 0.45 V, the ECM interprets this as an open or short circuit malfunction in the pressure sensor or its circuit, and stops the EVAP system monitor. The ECM then illuminates the MIL and sets the DTC (1 trip detection logic).

4. DTC P0453: Pressure sensor voltage high

If the pressure sensor voltage output is 4.9 V or more, the ECM interprets this as an open or short circuit malfunction in the pressure sensor or its circuit, and stops the EVAP system monitor. The ECM then illuminates the MIL and sets the DTC (1 trip detection logic).

MONITOR STRATEGY

MONITOR STRATEGY

MONITOR STRATEGY

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

WIRING DIAGRAM

WIRING DIAGRAM

INSPECTION PROCEDURE

NOTICE:
  • When a vehicle is brought into the workshop, leave it as it is. Do not change the vehicle condition. For example, do not tighten the fuel cap.
  • Do not disassemble the canister pump module.
  • The intelligent tester is required to conduct the following diagnostic troubleshooting procedure.

1 CONFIRM DTC AND EVAP PRESSURE

(a) Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the ignition switch to the ON position (do not start the engine).

(c) Turn the tester on.

(d) Select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DTC INFO / CURRENT CODES.

(e) Read DTCs.

(f) Select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DATA LIST / EVAP / EVAP VAPOR PRESS.

(g) Read the EVAP (Evaporative Emission) pressure displayed on the tester.

Result

2 CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (CANISTER PUMP MODULE - ECM)

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (CANISTER PUMP MODULE - ECM)

(a) Turn the ignition switch off.

(b) Disconnect the E4 ECM connector.

(c) Measure the resistance between the PPMP terminal of the ECM connector and the body ground.

Result

(d) Reconnect the ECM connector.

3 CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (CANISTER PUMP MODULE - ECM)

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (CANISTER PUMP MODULE - ECM)

(a) Disconnect the C27 canister pump module connector.

(b) Disconnect the E4 ECM connector.

(c) Measure the resistance between the PPMP terminal of the ECM connector and the body ground.

Result

(d) Reconnect the canister pump module connector.

(e) Reconnect the ECM connector.

4 CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (CANISTER PUMP MODULE - ECM)

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (CANISTER PUMP MODULE - ECM)

(a) Disconnect the C27 canister pump module connector.

(b) Turn the ignition switch to the ON position.

(c) Measure the voltage and resistance of the canister connector.

Standard

Result

(d) Reconnect the canister pump module connector.

5 REPLACE CHARCOAL CANISTER ASSEMBLY

(a) Replace the canister assembly (See page EC-8).

NOTICE: When replacing the canister, check the canister pump module interior and related pipes for water, fuel and other liquids. If liquids are present, check for disconnections and/or cracks in the following: 1) the pipe from the air inlet port to the canister pump module; 2) the canister filter; and 3) the fuel tank vent hose.

 REPLACE CHARCOAL CANISTER ASSEMBLY

6 REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR (CANISTER PUMP MODULE - ECM)

HINT:

If the exhaust tailpipe has been removed, go to the next step before reinstalling it.

7 REPLACE ECM

(a) Replace the ECM (See page ES-498).

8 CHECK WHETHER DTC OUTPUT RECURS (AFTER REPAIR)

(a) Connect the intelligent tester to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the ignition switch to the ON position and turn the tester on.

(c) Wait for at least 60 seconds.

(d) On the tester, select the following menu items: DIAGNOSIS / ENHANCED OBD II / DTC INFO / PENDING CODES.

HINT:

If no pending DTCs are displayed on the tester, the repair has been successfully completed.

COMPLETED

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