Toyota RAV4 manuals

Toyota Sienna Service Manual: Diagnosis system


Diagnosis system

(a) When troubleshooting OBD II vehicles, the only difference from the usual troubleshooting procedure is to connect an OBD II scan tool complying with SAE J1987 or a intelligent tester to the vehicle, and read off various data output from the vehicle's ECM.

(b) OBD II regulations require that the vehicle's onboard computer illuminate the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) on the instrument panel when the computer detects a malfunction in the computer itself or in the drive system components which affect the vehicle emissions. In addition to illuminating the MIL when a malfunction is detected, the applicable DTCs prescribed by SAE J2012 are recorded in the ECM memory (See page AX-35).

If the malfunction does not occur in 3 consecutive trips, the MIL goes off but the DTCs remain in the ECM memory.

(c) To check the DTCs, connect the OBD II scan tool or intelligent tester to the DLC3 of the vehicle. The OBD II scan tool or intelligent tester also enables you to erase the DTCs and check freeze frame data and various forms of engine data (For operating instructions, see the instruction book).

(d) The DTCs include SAE controlled codes and Manufacturer controlled codes. SAE controlled codes must be set as prescribed by the SAE, while Manufacturer controlled codes can be set freely by a manufacturer within the prescribed limits (See page AX-35).

Diagnosis system

(e) The diagnosis system operates in "normal mode" during the normal vehicle use. In normal mode, "2- trip detection logic" is used to ensure accurate detection of malfunction. "Check mode" is also available to technicians as an option. In check mode, "1-trip detection logic" is used for simulating malfunction symptoms and increasing the system's ability to detect malfunctions, including intermittent malfunction.

(f) *2 trip detection logic: When a malfunction is first detected, the malfunction is temporarily stored in the ECM memory (1st trip). If the ignition switch is turned off and then turned to the ON position again, and same malfunction is detected again, the MIL will illuminate.

Diagnosis system

(g) Freeze frame data records the engine conditions (fuel system, calculated load, engine coolant temperature, fuel trim, engine speed, vehicle speed, etc.) when a malfunction is detected. When troubleshooting, freeze frame data can help determine if the vehicle was running or stopped, if the engine was warmed up or not, if the air/fuel ratio was Lean or Rich, and other data from the time the malfunction occurred.

(h) The intelligent tester records freeze frame data in five different instance: 1) 3 times before the DTC is set, 2) once when the DTC is set, and 3) once after the DTC is set. These data can be used to simulate the vehicle's condition around the time when the malfunction occurred. The data may help find the cause of the malfunction, or judge if the DTC is being caused by temporary malfunction or not.



(a) The vehicle's ECM uses ISO 15765-4 for communication. The terminal arrangement of the DLC3 complies with SAE J1962 and matches the ISO 15765-4 format.

Terminals of DLC3

Terminals of DLC3

CAUTION: *: Before measuring the resistance, leave the vehicle as is for at least 1 minute and do not operate the ignition switch, any other switches or the doors.

HINT: If your display shows UNABLE TO CONNECT TO VEHICLE when you have connected the cable of the OBD II scan tool or intelligent tester to the DLC3, turned the ignition switch to the ON position and operated the scan tool, there is a problem on the vehicle side or tool side.


(a) Measure the battery voltage.

Battery voltage: 11 to 14 V

If voltage is below 11 V, replace the battery before proceeding


(a) The MIL comes on when the ignition switch is turned to the ON position and the engine is not running.

HINT: If the MIL does not light up, troubleshoot the combination meter

(b) When the engine is started, the MIL should go off. If the lamp remains on, it means that the diagnosis system has detected a malfunction or abnormality in the system.

Terminals of ecm
1. Ecm Hint: each ecm terminal's standard voltage is shown in the table below. In the table, first follow the information under "condition". Look under "symbols (terminal no. ...

Dtc check / clear
1. DTC CHECK (NORMAL MODE) NOTICE: When the diagnostic system is switched from the normal mode to the check mode, all the DTCs and freeze frame data recorded in the normal mode will ...

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